The founder of this discipline was Andrew Taylor Still, an American physician who, disillusioned with traditional medicine, set off to develop a new healing system in 1874.
The innovation of this methodology consists of some main principles of still used in osteopathy:
Unity of the body: An individual body is seen in its entirety as a system composed of muscles, skeletal structures, and internal organs that find their connection in the spinal nerve centers. Each part that constitutes a whole person (including the psyche) is dependent on the others. Therefore, the proper functioning of each one ensures the wellbeing of the whole structure.
The relationship between structure and function: Dr. Still concluded that osteopathy could be summarized by the single phrase, "Structure governs function." The perfection of structure is important, and if this balance is altered, it faces osteopathic dysfunction, characterized by a body area that lacks proper mobility. The body will react to this imbalance by creating areas of compensation and bodily adaptations that are not conducive to the general welfare of the body.
Self-healing: In osteopathy, it is not the therapist who heals. Instead, his or her role is to eliminate the "obstacles" to the body's communication pathways in order to allow the body to use its own self-healing abilities. Osteopathy aims at restoring the harmony of the skeletal support structure in order to allow the body to find its own balance and wellbeing.
Osteopathy is manual therapy, complementary to classical medicine. This natural and gentle method treats various pathologies without using drugs, utilising a causal and non-symptomatic approach. In fact, osteopathy studies the individual as a whole and is not content with simply treating the symptoms. Instead, it looks for the cause of any suffering that may be located in a body area different from the pain area.
Osteopathy, thanks to the principles on which it is based, assists people of all ages, from newborns to seniors to pregnant women. Osteopathy demonstrates effectiveness in treating various disorders that often afflict the individual and prevent him or her from leading a serene life.
These disorders include: cervical disorders, lower back pain, osteoarthritis, discopathy, headaches, muscular and joint pain from trauma, balance disorders, neuralgia, insomnia, chronic fatigue, congestive diseases such as otitis, sinusitis, gynecological and digestive disorders. All are curable by means of correct medical gymnastics and exercises aimed at the complete rehabilitation of the individual.