Osteopathy

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In OLBIA, porto cervo and sassari

What is osteopathy?

Osteopathy is a term of Anglo-Saxon origin, composed of: "osteo" = "structure" or "function" (bones, organs, arteries, etc.), and "pathy" = "pathway" (healing).
Osteopathy was born just over a century ago in the United States. Its founder was Dr. Andrew Taylor Still (1824-1914). He discovered osteopathy at the age of 46, based on an intuition that he had held for 10 years. As a child, Dr. Still suffered from frequent headaches. One day, while he was playing in the garden, he felt that he was about to have his usual problem, so he lay on the lawn with his head resting on the swinging rope, with the idea of ​​being more comfortable. Suddenly, the headache vanished. In the future, that child adopted the swing method to fight his headaches.

History

The founder of this discipline was Andrew Taylor Still, an American physician who, disillusioned with traditional medicine, set off to develop a new healing system in 1874.

The innovation of this methodology consists of some main principles of still used in osteopathy:

Unity of the body:  An individual body is seen in its entirety as a system composed of muscles, skeletal structures, and internal organs that find their connection in the spinal nerve centers. Each part that constitutes a whole person (including the psyche) is dependent on the others. Therefore, the proper functioning of each one ensures the wellbeing of the whole structure.

The relationship between structure and function: Dr. Still concluded that osteopathy could be summarized by the single phrase, "Structure governs function." The perfection of structure is important, and if this balance is altered, it faces osteopathic dysfunction, characterized by a body area that lacks proper mobility. The body will react to this imbalance by creating areas of compensation and bodily adaptations that are not conducive to the general welfare of the body.

Self-healing: In osteopathy, it is not the therapist who heals. Instead, his or her role is to eliminate the "obstacles" to the body's communication pathways in order to allow the body to use its own self-healing abilities. Osteopathy aims at restoring the harmony of the skeletal support structure in order to allow the body to find its own balance and wellbeing.

Osteopathy is manual therapy, complementary to classical medicine. This natural and gentle method treats various pathologies without using drugs, utilising a causal and non-symptomatic approach. In fact, osteopathy studies the individual as a whole and is not content with simply treating the symptoms. Instead, it looks for the cause of any suffering that may be located in a body area different from the pain area.

Osteopathy, thanks to the principles on which it is based, assists people of all ages, from newborns to seniors to pregnant women. Osteopathy demonstrates effectiveness in treating various disorders that often afflict the individual and prevent him or her from leading a serene life.

These disorders include: cervical disorders, lower back pain, osteoarthritis, discopathy, headaches, muscular and joint pain from trauma, balance disorders, neuralgia, insomnia, chronic fatigue, congestive diseases such as otitis, sinusitis, gynecological and digestive disorders. All are curable by means of correct medical gymnastics and exercises aimed at the complete rehabilitation of the individual.

Techniques

An osteopath has several types of techniques at his or her disposal for curing the dysfunction of the human body:

General osteopathic treatment: applying specific maneuvers to relax the muscles and joints. Its effects are not only mechanical, but also biochemical as it stimulates the correct fluid exchange within the treated structures.

Joint manipulation: direct techniques that correct the position of the joints according to their axis of motion. These have a strong neurological influence as well as purely mechanical, because they promote the release of correct impulses to and from the endings of the treated part.

Visceral manipulation: this reestablishes the mobility and motility (expression of cellular vitality) of an organ. These techniques allow the stimulation of an organ toward its proper function, digestion, absorption or expulsion, both within a more mechanical as well as biochemical sphere.

Cranial techniques: these techniques act on the congruent movements between the skull bones by acting on bones, nerves, meninges, and cerebrospinal fluid. These techniques work in particular on the vitality of the organism, a fundamental quality that allows living beings to react effectively to disturbing events coming from external and internal environments.
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